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双语:2020年政府工作报告双语全文 PDF下载

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政府工作报告
REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT

——2020年5月22日在第十三届全国人民代表大会第三次会议上
国务院总理 李克强
Delivered at the Third Session of the 13th National People’s Congress of the
People’s Republic of China on May 22, 2020
Li Keqiang
Premier of the State Council

各位代表:
Fellow Deputies,

现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协委员提出意见。
On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government. I ask for your deliberation and approval. I also ask members of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) for their comments.

这次新冠肺炎疫情,是新中国成立以来我国遭遇的传播速度最快、感染范围最广、防控难度最大的重大突发公共卫生事件。在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,经过全国上下和广大人民群众艰苦卓绝努力并付出牺牲,疫情防控取得重大战略成果。当前,疫情尚未结束,发展任务异常艰巨。要努力把疫情造成的损失降到最低,努力完成今年经济社会发展目标任务。
The covid-19 epidemic is the fastest spreading, most extensive, and most challenging public health emergency China has encountered since the founding of the People’s Republic. Under the strong leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, and through the hard work and sacrifice of our entire nation, we have made major strategic achievements in our response to covid-19. At present, the epidemic has not yet come to an end, while the tasks we face in promoting development are immense. We must redouble our efforts to minimize the losses resulting from the virus and fulfill the targets and tasks for economic and social development this year.

一、2019年和今年以来工作回顾
I. A review of our work in 2019 and the first few months of 2020

去年,我国发展面临诸多困难挑战。世界经济增长低迷,国际经贸摩擦加剧,国内经济下行压力加大。以习近平同志为核心的党中央团结带领全国各族人民攻坚克难,完成全年主要目标任务,为全面建成小康社会打下决定性基础。
In pursuing development last year, China faced many difficulties and challenges. World economic growth was weak, international economic and trade frictions intensified, and downward pressure on the domestic economy grew. The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core rallied the Chinese people and led them in surmounting difficulties and accomplishing the year’s main targets and tasks, thus laying the crucial foundation needed to reach the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

——经济运行总体平稳。国内生产总值达到99.1万亿元,增长6.1%。城镇新增就业1352万人,调查失业率在5.3%以下。居民消费价格上涨2.9%。国际收支基本平衡。
The economy remained stable overall. Gross domestic product (GDP) reached 99.1 trillion yuan, representing a 6.1 percent increase over the previous year. Around 13.52 million new urban jobs were added, and the surveyed unemployment rate was below 5.3 percent. Consumer prices rose by 2.9 percent. A basic equilibrium was maintained in the balance of payments.

——经济结构和区域布局继续优化。社会消费品零售总额超过40万亿元,消费持续发挥主要拉动作用。先进制造业、现代服务业较快增长。粮食产量1.33万亿斤。常住人口城镇化率首次超过60%,重大区域战略深入实施。
The economic structure continued to improve, and the development priorities of regions are better aligned. Total retail sales of consumer goods exceeded 40 trillion yuan, and consumption continued to serve as the main engine driving growth. Advanced manufacturing and modern services registered rapid growth. Grain output reached 665 million metric tons. For the first time, permanent urban residents exceeded 60 percent of the population; progress was made in implementing major development strategies for regions.

——发展新动能不断增强。科技创新取得一批重大成果。新兴产业持续壮大,传统产业加快升级。大众创业万众创新深入开展,企业数量日均净增1万户以上。
New growth drivers became stronger. A number of major innovative achievements were made in science and technology. Emerging industries continued to grow; upgrading in traditional industries accelerated. Business startups and innovation continued to surge nationwide, with an average net increase of over 10,000 businesses per day.

——改革开放迈出重要步伐。供给侧结构性改革继续深化,重要领域改革取得新突破。减税降费2.36万亿元,超过原定的近2万亿元规模,制造业和小微企业受益最多。政府机构改革任务完成。“放管服”改革纵深推进。设立科创板。共建“一带一路”取得新成效。出台外商投资法实施条例,增设上海自贸试验区新片区。外贸外资保持稳定。
Major headway was made in reform and opening up. Supply-side structural reform was further advanced, and breakthroughs in reform were made in key areas. We cut taxes and fees by 2.36 trillion yuan, going well beyond our target of 2 trillion yuan, with manufacturing and micro and small businesses benefiting most.
The reform of government bodies was completed. Reforms to streamline administration and delegate power, improve regulation, and upgrade services were steadily advanced. The Science and Technology Innovation Board, or STAR Market, was established. The joint efforts to pursue the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) yielded fresh results. Regulations for the implementation of the Foreign Investment Law were adopted, and the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone Lin’gang New Area was established. Foreign trade and investment remained stable.

——三大攻坚战取得关键进展。农村贫困人口减少1109万,贫困发生率降至0.6%,脱贫攻坚取得决定性成就。污染防治持续推进,主要污染物排放量继续下降,生态环境总体改善。金融运行总体平稳。
Pivotal progress was achieved in the three critical battles. Decisive achievements were made in poverty alleviation—the rural poor population was reduced by 11.09 million, and the poverty headcount ratio fell to 0.6 percent. Pollution prevention and control efforts continued, with further reductions in the discharge of major pollutants and overall improvements in the environment. The financial sector remained stable.

——民生进一步改善。居民人均可支配收入超过3万元。基本养老、医疗、低保等保障水平提高。城镇保障房建设和农村危房改造深入推进。义务教育阶段学生生活补助人数增加近40%,高职院校扩招100万人。
Living standards continued to improve. Per capita disposable personal income topped 30,000 yuan. Basic old-age insurance, health insurance, and subsistence allowance standards were raised. Further progress was made in the construction of urban government-subsidized housing and the rebuilding of dilapidated houses in rural areas. The number of students in compulsory education receiving living allowances increased by almost 40 percent, and enrollments at vocational colleges grew by one million.

我们隆重庆祝中华人民共和国成立70周年,极大激发全国各族人民的爱国热情,汇聚起夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利的磅礴力量。
We celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. This occasion has inspired a strong sense of patriotism among all Chinese people, creating a powerful force that will bring great victories for socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

我们加强党风廉政建设,扎实开展“不忘初心、牢记使命”主题教育,严格落实中央八项规定精神,持续纠治“四风”,为基层松绑减负。
We worked to improve Party conduct and build a clean government, started an initiative to raise awareness of the need to stay true to the Party’s founding mission, and strictly observed the central Party leadership’s eight-point decision on improving work conduct. We continued to address the practice of formalities for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, and took steps to ensure that people working at the primary level are free from unnecessary restrictions and excessive burdens.

中国特色大国外交成果丰硕。成功举办第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛等重大主场外交活动,习近平主席等党和国家领导人出访多国,出席二十国集团领导人峰会、金砖国家领导人会晤、亚信峰会、上海合作组织峰会、东亚合作领导人系列会议、中欧领导人会晤、中日韩领导人会晤等重大活动。积极参与全球治理体系建设和改革,推动构建人类命运共同体。经济外交、人文交流卓有成效。中国为促进世界和平与发展作出了重要贡献。
We achieved fruitful outcomes in pursuing China’s major country diplomacy. We successfully hosted the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation and other major diplomatic events.
President Xi Jinping and other Party and state leaders visited many countries and attended major international events, including the G20 Leaders’ Summit, the BRICS Leaders’ Meeting, the Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, the East Asian leaders’ meetings on cooperation, the China-EU Summit, and the China–Japan–ROK Leaders’ Meeting.
We played an active role in the development and reform of the global governance system, and promoted the building of a human community with a shared future. We successfully pursued economic diplomacy and cultural and people-to-people exchanges. China made important contributions to the advancement of world peace and development.

各位代表!
Fellow Deputies,

新冠肺炎疫情发生后,党中央将疫情防控作为头等大事来抓,习近平总书记亲自指挥、亲自部署,坚持把人民生命安全和身体健康放在第一位。在党中央领导下,中央应对疫情工作领导小组及时研究部署,中央指导组加强指导督导,国务院联防联控机制统筹协调,各地区各部门履职尽责,社会各方面全力支持,开展了疫情防控的人民战争、总体战、阻击战。广大医务人员英勇奋战,人民解放军指战员勇挑重担,科技工作者协同攻关,社区工作者、公安干警、基层干部、新闻工作者、志愿者坚守岗位,快递、环卫、抗疫物资生产运输人员不辞劳苦,亿万普通劳动者默默奉献,武汉人民、湖北人民坚韧不拔,社会各界和港澳台同胞、海外侨胞捐款捐物。中华儿女风雨同舟、守望相助,筑起了抗击疫情的巍峨长城。
Since the coronavirus first emerged, the Party Central Committee has made its containment the top priority. General Secretary Xi Jinping, putting the health and safety of our people before everything else, has personally taken charge and planned our response. Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, the central leading group for covid-19 response has made timely decisions and plans; the central guidance group has provided effective guidance and supervision; the State Council inter-departmental task force has coordinated the response efforts; all local authorities and all government departments have fulfilled their respective duties, and people from every walk of life have given their full support. Together, we have waged an all-out people’s war against the virus.
Our medical workers have fought with courage. Our servicemen and women have shouldered heavy responsibilities. Our scientists and researchers have joined forces in order to find a cure. Our community workers, policemen and women, officials working at the primary level, media personnel, and volunteers have stood fast at their posts.
Our deliverymen and women, our sanitation workers, and all who make and transport emergency supplies have continued their work with dedication. Hundreds of millions of other workers outside of the spotlight have also made their own contributions. In Wuhan City and Hubei Province the people have carried on with fortitude and resilience, while people from all sectors of society and our fellow compatriots in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and overseas have made generous donations, both monetary and in-kind. Through all these efforts, we, all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, have stood together in the most trying of times and built a Great Wall of solidarity against the epidemic.

在疫情防控中,我们按照坚定信心、同舟共济、科学防治、精准施策的总要求,抓紧抓实抓细各项工作。及时采取应急举措,对新冠肺炎实行甲类传染病管理,各地启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应。坚决打赢武汉和湖北保卫战并取得决定性成果,通过果断实施严格管控措施,举全国之力予以支援,调派4万多名医护人员驰援,建设火神山、雷神山医院和方舱医院,快速扩充收治床位,优先保障医用物资,不断优化诊疗方案,坚持中西医结合,坚持“四集中”,全力救治患者,最大程度提高治愈率、降低病亡率。延长全国春节假期,推迟开学、灵活复工、错峰出行,坚持群防群控,坚持“四早”,坚决控制传染源,有效遏制疫情蔓延。加强药物、疫苗和检测试剂研发。迅速扩大医用物资生产,短时间内大幅增长,抓好生活必需品保供稳价,保障交通干线畅通和煤电油气供应。因应疫情变化,适时推进常态化防控。针对境外疫情蔓延情况,及时构建外防输入体系,加强对境外我国公民的关心关爱。积极开展国际合作,本着公开、透明、负责任态度,及时通报疫情信息,主动分享防疫技术和做法,相互帮助、共同抗疫。
Responding to the central Party leadership’s call to stay confident, come together in solidarity, adopt a science-based approach, and take targeted measures, we have carried out all our work in a solid and meticulous manner. We adopted containment measures promptly, treating covid-19 as a Class A infectious disease and activating a Level One public health emergency response in all localities.
We have achieved a decisive victory in the battle to defend Hubei Province and its capital city Wuhan by firmly implementing strict control measures, rallying the support of the entire country, and dispatching over 40,000 doctors and nurses. We built Huoshenshan and Leishenshan hospitals as well as cabin hospitals to increase the number of hospital beds within a short time, and ensured the availability of medical supplies. We continuously refined diagnostic and treatment plans, incorporated traditional Chinese medicine into treatment, and concentrated patients, experts and resources in designated facilities to provide treatment, thus doing everything we could to maximize the cure rate and minimize the mortality rate. We extended the Spring Festival holiday nationwide, postponed the spring semester, facilitated flexible resumption of work, and staggered commute times. We have carried out a society-wide prevention and control effort, ensured early detection, reporting, quarantine, and treatment of cases, firmly controlled sources of infection, and effectively curbed the spread of the virus.
Intensive efforts have been made to develop drugs, vaccines, and testing reagents. We expanded production of medical supplies by a large margin within a short time, ensured supply and price stability of daily necessities, and maintained smooth transportation on trunk lines, as well as stable supplies of coal, electricity, oil, and gas. In response to changing covid-19 dynamics, we have adopted regular prevention and control measures in a timely manner.
In the face of the global spread of covid-19, we promptly set up a shield against possible imported cases, and we have provided increased care and support for Chinese citizens overseas. With an open, transparent, and responsible attitude, China has actively engaged in international cooperation, providing timely information, actively sharing prevention technologies and practices, and helping other countries with their response efforts.

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