Global Methane Pledge 全球甲烷承诺
under/in the spotlight 备受(媒体和公众的)关注；◆ The issue will come under the spotlightwhen parliament reassembles. 等议会重开的时候，这个问题将成为焦点。
comply /kəm’plaɪ/ 遵从；服从；顺从，和with搭配：comply(with sth) ◆ They refused to comply with the UN resolution. 他们拒绝遵守联合国的决议。
benefits outweigh the costs 好处超过成本
flashpoint 爆发点，一触即发之际 ◆ Tension in the city is rapidly reaching flashpoint. 这座城市处于紧张状态，大有一触即发之势。
Global leaders at the Glasgow climate summit pledged Tuesday to sharply curtail methane emissions, with President Biden saying the U.S. would tighten regulations on oil and natural-gas production to reduce leaks of the potent greenhouse gas.
The effort spotlighted growing concerns about the environmental harms of methane, a byproduct of drilling, livestock and landfills that traps roughly 85 times more heat than carbon dioxide.
“One of the most important things we can do in this decisive decade…is to reduce our methane emissions as quickly as possible,” Mr. Biden said at a summit event marking progress on the Global Methane Pledge, an initiative led by the U.S. and the European Union to cut methane emissions by 30% globally by 2030.
拜登在一个探讨全球甲烷承诺(Global Methane Pledge)进展的峰会活动上表示：“在这个决定性的十年里，我们所能做的最重要的事情之一……就是尽快减少我们的甲烷排放。”全球甲烷承诺是一项由美国和欧盟牵头的倡议，计划到2030年将全球甲烷排放量削减30%。
More than 100 countries have signed the pledge. Summit participants including the U.S., China and Brazil also committed Tuesday to ending and then reversing deforestation by 2030, promising nearly $20 billion of public and private funds to protect and restore forests.
Under the newly proposed U.S. methane rules, the Environmental Protection Agency would seek for the first time to regulate methane at existing wells nationwide, a move smaller producers fought for years. The move would place roughly a million new and existing wells under EPA methane regulation, with stricter requirements for new wells in addition to the first-time regulations for old ones.
EPA Administrator Michael Regan called the methane reduction plan “a very bold and aggressive step towards tackling climate pollution.”
“The timing is critical here,” he said in a phone interview. “World leaders are gathering in Glasgow, and they’re looking to the United States for leadership.”
The rules would mandate what the EPA calls “a comprehensive monitoring program to require companies to find and fix leaks” across operations including wells, pipes and storage tanks. The agency’s plan includes provisions to encourage the use of new technology such as drones for more effective monitoring.
根据这项美国牵头的甲烷规则新提议，美国国家环境保护局(Environmental Protection Agency，简称EPA)将首次寻求对全美现有油气井的甲烷排放进行监管，小型生产商多年来一直反对这一举措。此举将使约100万口新建油气井和现有油气井纳入EPA的甲烷排放监管，除了首次将旧油气井纳入监管之外，EPA还对新建油气井提出了更严格的要求。
It would also prohibit venting off gas at oil wells, which producers sometimes do when oil is much more valuable than gas. The EPA would require producers to put that gas in a pipeline to be sold when possible to keep natural gas from being wasted. In 2030 alone, that would save $690 million worth of gas that might otherwise be wasted, the agency said.
The combined measures would reduce methane emissions from oil wells, storage tanks and other facilities covered by the regulations by an estimated 74% by 2030, compared with emissions from those sources in 2005, the EPA said. The agency said it aims to complete the regulations next year, following a 60-day public comment period and a review by other agencies that could lead to changes in the proposal.
Complying with the new rules will cost the oil-and-gas industry an estimated $1.5 billion by 2026, the year it is fully implemented, the EPA said, an estimate that includes capital expenses and operating and maintenance costs, minus projected revenue from gas that would otherwise not be captured.
By 2032 those costs will decline to about $1 billion, the EPA said. The EPA said that the benefits will outweigh the costs by reducing harmful health effects from methane and property damage from severe weather linked to global warming.
The rules face pushback from some Republicans lawmakers who said consumers could end up footing the bill.
The Democratic Mr. Biden is seeking to restore U.S. leadership on climate change after his Republican predecessor, Donald Trump, pulled the U.S. out of the Paris climate agreement.
Mr. Biden has also proposed spending $555 billion to cut greenhouse gas emissions, but that plan is awaiting congressional approval. Democrats cut one key element—a $150 billion program aimed at pushing utilities to draw more power from clean-energy sources—due to opposition from Sen. Joe Manchin (D., W.Va.).
The EPA plan is one of several proposed measures the Biden administration unveiled Tuesday. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration announced its own plans for rules limiting emissions from hundreds of thousands of miles of pipes in urban gas-distribution systems and transmission lines crisscrossing the country, according to senior administration officials.
EPA的这项计划是拜登政府周二公布的数项拟议措施之一。据美国政府高级官员透露，美国管道和危险品安全管理局(Pipeline And Hazardous Material Safety Administration)宣布了该局制定规则的计划，这些规定将限制遍布全美的城市燃气分配系统和输送管线中数十万英里长的管道的碳排放。