Inauguration Day: What You Need to Know
Joseph R. Biden Jr. will become president of the United States at noon on Jan. 20 in a scaled-back inauguration ceremony. While key elements will remain traditional, many events will be downsized and “reimagined” to better adapt the celebration to a nation battling the coronavirus. Here’s a guide to the event.
小约瑟夫·R·拜登(Joseph R. Biden Jr.)将于1月20日中午在一个缩减规模的就职典礼上成为美国总统。尽管关键元素仍将保持传统，但许多活动将被缩减和“重新设计”，以便更好地适应这个正在抗击新冠的国家。以下是典礼的指南。
What will the inauguration look like?
Although many of the events will be virtual, Maju Varghese, the executive director of the Presidential Inaugural Committee, said the goal was an “inclusive and accessible celebration that brings Americans together and unifies our nation, especially during such a tough time for our country.”
Mr. Biden will be sworn in by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. on the Capitol’s West Front sometime before noon. The new president is then expected to give his inaugural address and conduct a review of military troops, as is tradition.
中午之前，拜登将在首席大法官小约翰·G·罗伯茨(John G. Roberts Jr.)主持下，在国会大厦西面宣誓就职。随后，按照传统，新总统将发表就职演说并检阅军队。
But instead of a traditional parade before cheering spectators along Pennsylvania Avenue as the new president, vice president and their families make their way to the White House over a mile away, there will be an official escort with representatives from every branch of the military for one city block.
For remote viewers, the inaugural committee has planned what it is calling a virtual parade across the country featuring music, poets and dancers “paying homage to America’s heroes on the front lines of the pandemic.”
At 5:30 p.m. Tuesday, the evening before Mr. Biden takes the oath, the committee will hold a lighting ceremony around the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in remembrance of people in the United States who have lost their lives in the coronavirus pandemic.
Wait, is Tom Hanks going to be there?
Instead of the usual balls after the ceremony feting the new president, there will be a prime-time television event at 8:30 p.m. Wednesday evening hosted by Tom Hanks and featuring celebrities including Justin Timberlake, Demi Lovato, Ant Clemons and Jon Bon Jovi.
新总统就职典礼后，不是通常的舞会，而是在周三晚上8点30举办一场黄金时段电视活动，由汤姆·汉克斯主持，出席的明星包括贾斯汀·汀布莱克(Justin Timberlake)、黛米·洛瓦托(Demi Lovato)、安特·克莱蒙斯(Ant Clemons)和乔·邦·乔维(Jon Bon Jovi)。
Two major celebrities will participate in the swearing-in ceremony: Lady Gaga will sing the national anthem and Jennifer Lopez will give a musical performance.
两位明星将参加宣誓仪式：Lady Gaga将演唱国歌，詹妮弗·洛佩兹(Jennifer Lopez)将献唱。
Is there expected to be unrest?
For weeks, Washington has been preparing for the possibility of protesters. But the nation’s capital was kicked into high alert after a violent mob breached the Capitol building and forced lawmakers to halt the official counting of Electoral College votes to affirm Mr. Biden’s victory.
Mayor Muriel E. Bowser has warned that extremists who support Mr. Trump might continue to wreak havoc and she extended the city’s public emergency through Jan. 21.
市长穆丽尔·E·鲍泽(Muriel E. Bowser)警告，支持特朗普的极端分子可能会继续造成破坏，她将该市的公共紧急状态延长至1月21日。
The F.B.I. and Secret Service have ramped up security efforts around the inauguration. Experts have warned that some far-right extremist groups are already discussing an assault on Inauguration Day similar to the deadly attack on the Capitol.
Unrest on Inauguration Day is not unprecedented: During Mr. Trump’s inauguration in 2017, crowds in Washington damaged storefronts, threw rocks and bricks at police officers and lit a limousine on fire in protest of Mr. Trump’s election. The day ended in more than 200 arrests.
Will President Trump attend?
President Trump announced Friday that he would not attend Mr. Biden’s inauguration.
Mr. Biden called that decision “one of the few things he and I have ever agreed on.”
Still, it is a major break with tradition for a president to skip the ceremonial heart of the country’s democracy: the peaceful transfer of power.
Vice President Mike Pence will attend, an aide said Saturday, after Mr. Biden made clear on Friday that he was welcome.
Only three presidents have missed their successor’s swearing-in: John Adams in 1801, his son John Quincy Adams in 1829 and Andrew Johnson, a Democrat who sat out the 1869 inauguration after he was replaced in favor of a Rlican, Ulysses S. Grant.
只有三位总统错过了继任者的就职典礼：1801年的约翰·亚当斯(John Adams)；1829年，他的儿子约翰·昆西·亚当斯(John Quincy Adams)；以及民主党人安德鲁·约翰逊(Andrew Johnson)，他被共和党人尤利西斯-格兰特取代，于是缺席了后者1869年的就职典礼。
Who will be there?
George W. Bush, has confirmed he would travel to Washington for Inauguration Day, along with Laura Bush, the former first lady. Barack Obama and Bill Clinton are also expected to attend, along with former first ladies Michelle Obama and Hillary Clinton. Jimmy Carter, who at 96 is the oldest living former president, announced that he and his wife would not attend. It will be the first presidential inauguration Mr. Carter has missed since he was sworn in.
乔治·W·布什(George W. Bush)已经证实，他将和前第一夫人劳拉·布什(Laura Bush)一起前往华盛顿参加就职典礼。预计贝拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obam)和比尔·克林顿(Bill Clinton)，以及前第一夫人米歇尔·奥巴马(Michelle Obama)和希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)也将出席。96岁的吉米·卡特(Jimmy Carter)是在世的前总统中最年长的一位，他宣布他和妻子不会出席。这将是卡特宣誓就职以来首次缺席总统就职典礼。
Can I attend?
No. Traditionally, the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies would distribute hundreds of thousands of tickets to the swearing-in ceremony for members of Congress to invite constituents, but this year tickets are not available to members of the public. Planners are urging people to stay home and participate in virtual inaugural events to prevent large crowds that could easily spread the coronavirus.
不行。传统上，国会就职典礼联合委员会(Joint Congressional Committee on就职典礼)会向国会议员分发数十万张就职典礼的入场券，让他们邀请选民参加，但今年的入场券不向公众开放。策划人员敦促人们待在家里，在网上观看就职活动，以防止大量人群聚集传播新冠病毒。
Events will be live streamed by the Presidential Inaugural Committee and by The New York Times.
Why is a presidential inauguration so important?
The 20th Amendment to the Constitution requires that the term of each elected president and vice president begin at noon Jan. 20 of the year after the election. Every president has taken the oath of office, and they cannot assume their positions without doing so.
Symbolically, it marks the peaceful transfer of power from the current president to the next. Inauguration Day will be all the more important this year, as Mr. Biden ascends to the presidency at a time when political division has threatened the nation’s democratic institutions and his predecessor has gone to extreme lengths to stay in power.
The inauguration is also a notable fund-raising opportunity for the incoming president. Though traditional events like balls have been canceled, Mr. Biden’s inaugural committee is offering special “V.I.P. participation” to corporations and well-heeled individuals who can use the opportunity to curry favor with the new administration.
Excess donations cannot be transferred to federal campaigns or party committees. Past inaugural committees have given unspent funds to charities for disaster relief as well as groups that decorate and maintain the White House and the vice president’s residence.