22 Things That Happened for the First Time in 2022
skittish 1.轻浮的；易变的；反覆无常的 (of people 人 ) not very serious and with ideas and feelings that keep changing；2.说变就变的；变幻莫测的 ( business 商 ) likely to change suddenly ◆ skittish financial markets 变幻莫测的金融市场
reel 感到震惊;感到心烦；If you are reeling from a shock, you are feeling extremely surprised or upset because of it. ◆ I was still reeling from the shock. 我吓得依然晕头转向。
immersive 计算机系统或图像）沉浸式虚拟现实的 ( technical 术语 ) used to describe a computer system or image that seems to surround the user
1. Apple becomes the first company to reach a stock market value of $3 trillion.
In January, Apple’s value briefly hit the $3 trillion mark, making it the first publicly traded company to do so. Its value has since declined, as it and other companies face a skittish economy still reeling from the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and record inflation. Apple was also the first company to be valued at $1 trillion, in 2018, and $2 trillion, in 2020.
2. Scientists pinpoint how star formation in our galaxy began.
Scientists can explain for the first time what triggered the formation of stars in the Milky Way, according to a paper published in Nature in January. Researchers say a chain reaction of supernovae about 14 million years ago led to the creation of a 1,000-light-year-wide bubble, at the center of which lies our galaxy. Though scientists knew this bubble existed, they recently discovered that all the local star-forming regions sit on its surface, because the chain reaction pushed away the dust and gas needed to produce new stars to the bubble’s edges.
3. Victoria’s Secret features a model with Down syndrome.
The Puerto Rican model Sofía Jirau is the first woman with Down syndrome to become a Victoria’s Secret model. She appears in the fashion company’s Love Cloud ad campaign, which emphasizes diversity and inclusivity.
4. Microplastics are detected in human blood.
A study published in March in Environment International found microplastics in human blood. About half of the participants in the study had polyethylene terephthalate — a polymer used in water bottles and food packaging, among other everyday items — in their bloodstream. Scientists had previously established that people are exposed to microscopic particles of plastic through the food they eat, the water they drink and the air they breathe.
5. An ice shelf collapses in East Antarctica.
The Conger ice shelf collapsed in mid-March, the first such collapse in the eastern part of Antarctica since satellites started recording activity there in 1979. The collapse of the 450-square-mile stretch of ice occurred sooner than expected, according to experts, and in a part of the continent that is considered less vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
6. Scientists capture an image of the Milky Way’s black hole.
In May, scientists unveiled the first image of Sagittarius A*, a black hole at the center of our galaxy. It was the result of an international effort known as the Event Horizon Telescope project. In 2019, the same team of scientists unveiled the first image of a black hole at the center of the galaxy M87, which is 1,500 times larger than Sagittarius A*.
7. Women referee at men’s World Cup.
Stéphanie Frappart of France became the first woman lead referee at a men’s World Cup match when she officiated a game between Costa Rica and Germany in Qatar in December. This was also the first men’s World Cup game to have an all-woman referee team: Ms. Frappart’s assistants were Neuza Back of Brazil and Karen Diaz Medina of Mexico.
8. An Andy Warhol silk-screen breaks auction records in the United States.
A silk-screen of Marilyn Monroe’s face by Andy Warhol, “Shot Sage Blue Marilyn,” fetched $195 million at a Christie’s auction in May, shattering a record set in 2017 by a Jean-Michel Basquiat painting as the highest price paid for an American artwork sold at auction.
安迪·沃霍尔的玛丽莲·梦露面部丝印作品《枪击梦露——鼠尾草蓝版》(Shot Sage Blue Marilyn)在5月的佳士得拍卖会上以1.95亿美元的价格成交，打破了2017年让-米歇尔·巴斯奎亚特画作创下的美国艺术品拍卖最高价纪录。
9. South Korea launches a satellite using its own rocket.
South Korea successfully launched a satellite using its Nuri rocket, built by the government’s Aerospace Research Institute and domestic companies. The event ushered in an ambitious new space era for the country and was a rallying point of communal pride. South Korea aims to land a spacecraft on the moon by 2030.
10. A paralyzed man dies by legally assisted suicide in Italy.
In June, Federico Carboni, a 44-year-old man paralyzed for 12 years after a traffic accident, became the first person in Italy to die by legally assisted suicide. In 2019, Italy’s highest court ruled that assisted suicide is legal under certain circumstances, a widely debated issue in a predominantly Roman Catholic country.
11. Scientists reveal bacteria large enough to see with the naked eye.
In a study published in June in the journal Science, researchers identified the existence of a bacterium that can be seen without a microscope, upending the accepted scientific narrative that bacteria are microscopic in nature. On average, the species Thiomargarita magnifica grows to about 9,000 microns (0.35 inches) in length. Although Thiomargarita magnifica was initially discovered in 2009 in a Caribbean mangrove forest, it took researchers time to determine that it was a species of bacteria because of its surprising size.
12. Meta reports its first drop in quarterly revenue since its I.P.O. in 2012.
Meta, Facebook’s parent company, reported in July its first revenue decline since the company went public 10 years ago. The social media company, once a Wall Street wonder, has recently sought to remake itself as a power player in the immersive 3-D experience known as the metaverse. But it has grappled with a declining and aging user base, while facing more competition from apps like TikTok.
13. Women are appointed to high-level positions in the Vatican and Al Azhar.
For the first time, three women were appointed to a Vatican committee that advises Pope Francis on candidates for bishops in the Catholic Church. And in Egypt, the Al Azhar Mosque named a woman as an adviser to the grand imam, Sheikh Ahmed el-Tayeb, a first in the Islamic institution’s 1,000-year history.
14. More Americans are smoking marijuana than cigarettes.
A Gallup report released in August revealed that more Americans are smoking marijuana than cigarettes for the first time on record. About 16 percent of the Americans polled said they currently smoke marijuana, five percentage points more than those who reported smoking cigarettes. Cigarette use has continued to decline since its peak during the mid-1950s, when 45 percent of Americans reported that they smoked.
15. Catholics outnumber Protestants in Northern Ireland.
According to census numbers released in September, more Catholics live in Northern Ireland than Protestants for the first time since the creation of the United Kingdom territory more than a century ago — a shift that has prompted rumblings about a possible referendum on reunifying Ireland.
16. The breaking of the wand of office is televised.
In Britain, the symbolic breaking of the wand of office was televised for the first time during Queen Elizabeth II’s committal service 11 days after her death in September. To signify the end of the queen’s reign, the Lord Chamberlain broke the wand, a staff that represented her rule, at St. George’s Chapel in Windsor.
17. The Xturismo hoverbike makes its first public flight.
A Japanese start-up demonstrated its Hoverbike in flight for the first time in September at the Detroit Auto Show. The Xturismo hoverbike, a flying bike that can stay aloft for 40 minutes, will set buyers back more than half a million dollars. Plans for a more affordable electric hoverbike, at $50,000, are in the works.
18. NASA smashes a spacecraft into an asteroid in a planetary defense test.
NASA purposely flew a spacecraft into an asteroid in September, altering the asteroid’s trajectory in a test mission that has implications for future asteroids that could threaten Earth. The Double Asteroid Redirection Test, or DART, was the planet’s “first planetary defense test,” according to NASA.
19. France sends gas to Germany.
For the first time, France is pumping natural gas directly to Germany in exchange for electricity. Both countries are pivoting after Russia cut off its gas supply to Europe in what critics say is retribution for the West’s sanctions following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
20. A Neanderthal clan’s remains are found in a Russian cave.
Scientists have uncovered the first known remains of a Neanderthal clan in a cave in Russia, according to a study published in the journal Nature in October. The findings have led to one of the largest genetic studies of a Neanderthal clan — including a father and daughter — to date. Scientists believe this group of about 11 Neanderthals likely died around the same time 54,000 years ago, possibly from starvation.
21. The first person of color heads the British government.
Rishi Sunak was born in southern England to parents who emigrated from British colonial East Africa. His grandparents were from the Punjab region of India. In October, he made history as the first person of color to become prime minister of Britain. He is also the first person of the Hindu faith to sit in that office — and may even be the first prime minister who comes to the job with more wealth than the British royal family. Mr. Sunak, a former banker, and his wife, whose father co-founded the information technology company Infosys, are worth an estimated 730 million pounds (about $870 million); the late Queen Elizabeth II’s wealth was estimated at about 370 million pounds ($440 million), according to the Sunday Times Rich List. Mr. Sunak was the chancellor of the Exchequer under Boris Johnson. He replaced Liz Truss, the embattled prime minister who served only 44 days.
22. The FIFA World Cup is hosted in the Middle East for the first time.
The 2022 World Cup was held in Qatar, a first for the country and for the Middle East. This is also the first World Cup to take place in the winter in the northern hemisphere. Qatar spent billions of dollars building facilities and upgrading its infrastructure in the lead-up to the event.