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纽约时报双语:被Pornhub毁掉的孩子

被Pornhub毁掉的孩子
The Children of Pornhub
纪思道
2020年12月8日
纽约时报双语:被Pornhub毁掉的孩子

This article contains descriptions of sexual assault.

本文包含对性侵犯的描述。

Pornhub prides itself on being the cheery, winking face of naughty, the website that buys a billboard in Times Square and provides snow plows to clear Boston streets. It donates to organizations fighting for racial equality and offers steamy content free to get people through Covid-19 shutdowns.

Pornhub以其扮活泼鬼脸的调皮态度而自豪,这家网站会在时报广场购买广告牌,会提供扫雪机清理波士顿的街道。它向争取种族平等的机构捐款,并提供免费的色情内容帮助人们熬过新冠疫情期间的封锁。

That supposedly “wholesome Pornhub” attracts 3.5 billion visits a month, more than Netflix, Yahoo or Amazon. Pornhub rakes in money from almost three billion ad impressions a day. One ranking lists Pornhub as the 10th-most-visited website in the world.

这个所谓的“身心健全Pornhub”每月能吸引35亿次访问,超过了Netflix、雅虎或亚马逊。每天近30亿的广告曝光量让Pornhub赚得盆满钵满。一项排名将Pornhub列为世界上访问量第十高的网站。

Yet there’s another side of the company: Its site is infested with rape videos. It monetizes child rapes, revenge pornography, spy cam videos of women showering, racist and misogynist content, and footage of women being asphyxiated in plastic bags. A search for “girls under18” (no space) or “14yo” leads in each case to more than 100,000 videos. Most aren’t of children being assaulted, but too many are.

然而,这家公司也有另一面:它的网站上充斥着强奸视频。它将强奸儿童、复仇式色情、偷拍女性洗澡、种族主义和厌女内容、以及妇女被困在塑料袋里窒息的片段当作盈利手段。每次搜索“girls under18”(女孩 不满18)或者“14yo”(14岁)都能得到超过10万条视频结果。大多数内容并非性侵儿童,但仍然有太多的确是。

After a 15-year-old girl went missing in Florida, her mother found her on Pornhub — in 58 sex videos. Sexual assaults on a 14-year-old California girl were posted on Pornhub and were reported to the authorities not by the company but by a classmate who saw the videos. In each case, offenders were arrested for the assaults, but Pornhub escaped responsibility for sharing the videos and profiting from them.

佛罗里达州一名15岁女孩失踪后,她的母亲在Pornhub上的58个色情视频中找到了她。一名14岁的加州女孩遭受性侵的视频被发到了Pornhub上,将此事报告当局的并非这家公司,而是女孩的一位看到这些视频的同学。两案中的罪犯都因侵犯行为被逮捕,但Pornhub逃脱了传播视频并从中获利的责任。

Pornhub is like YouTube in that it allows members of the public to post their own videos. A great majority of the 6.8 million new videos posted on the site each year probably involve consenting adults, but many depict child abuse and nonconsensual violence. Because it’s impossible to be sure whether a youth in a video is 14 or 18, neither Pornhub nor anyone else has a clear idea of how much content is illegal.

Pornhub和YouTube一样,允许大众上传自己的视频。在该网站每年发布的680万条新视频中,绝大多数可能都包括自愿的成年人,但也有许多描绘了虐待儿童和非自愿的暴力。因为不可能确定视频中的年轻人是14岁还是18岁,无论是Pornhub还是其他任何人都不清楚究竟有多少内容是违法的。

Unlike YouTube, Pornhub allows these videos to be downloaded directly from its website. So even if a rape video is removed at the request of the authorities, it may already be too late: The video lives on as it is shared with others or uploaded again and again.

与YouTube不同的是,Pornhub允许用户直接从其网站下载这些视频。因此,即使某个强奸视频应当局要求被删除,也可能为时已晚:在不断分享和上传的过程中,该视频将永远存在下去。

“Pornhub became my trafficker,” a woman named Cali told me. She says she was adopted in the United States from China and then trafficked by her adoptive family and forced to appear in pornographic videos beginning when she was 9. Some videos of her being abused ended up on Pornhub and regularly reappear there, she said.

“Pornhub成了我的人贩子,”一位名叫卡莉(Cali)的女性告诉我。她说自己从中国被美国家庭收养,然后被收养家庭贩卖,从9岁开始,她就被迫出现在色情视频中。她说,一些她被虐待的视频最终被放到了Pornhub上,并总在那里反复出现。

“I’m still getting sold, even though I’m five years out of that life,” Cali said. Now 23, she is studying in a university and hoping to become a lawyer — but those old videos hang over her.

“我还是在被贩卖,哪怕我已经离开那种生活五年之久了,”卡莉说。如今23岁的她正在一所大学读书,希望成为一名律师——但那些旧视频仍是她的心头阴影。

“I may never be able to get away from this,” she said. “I may be 40 with eight kids, and people are still masturbating to my photos.”

“我可能永远无法摆脱,”她说。“就算到40岁、有8个孩子的时候,人们还会看着我的照片自慰。”

“You type ‘Young Asian’ and you can probably find me,” she added.

“你输入‘Young Asian’(年轻亚洲人),可能就会找到我,”她补充道。

Actually, maybe not. Pornhub recently was offering 26,000 videos in response to that search. That doesn’t count videos that show up under “related searches” that Pornhub suggests, including “young tiny teen,” “extra small petite teen,” “tiny Asian teen” or just “young girl.” Nor does it necessarily count videos on a Pornhub channel called “exploited teen Asia.”

实际上,可能找不到。最近,Pornhub为这一词条搜索提供了2.6万条视频结果。但这不包括Pornhub提供的“相关搜索”建议下出现的视频,包括“young tiny teen”(娇小青少年)、“extra small petite teen”(特别娇小的青少年)、“tiny Asian teen”(娇小亚洲青少年),或直接是“young girl”(小女孩)。它也不一定将那个名为“欺辱亚洲青少年”的Pornhub频道里的视频算进去。

The issue is not pornography but rape. Let’s agree that promoting assaults on children or on anyone without consent is unconscionable. The problem with Bill Cosby or Harvey Weinstein or Jeffrey Epstein was not the sex but the lack of consent — and so it is with Pornhub.

这里的问题不在色情,而在强奸。我们都认同一件事,即未经同意对儿童或任何人的侵犯行为进行推广是不对的。比尔·考斯比(Bill Cosby)或哈维·韦恩斯坦(Harvey Weinstein)或杰弗里·爱泼斯坦(Jeffrey Epstein)的问题不在于性行为,而在于没有得到同意——Pornhub也是如此。

I came across many videos on Pornhub that were recordings of assaults on unconscious women and girls. The rapists would open the eyelids of the victims and touch their eyeballs to show that they were nonresponsive.

我在Pornhub看到的许多视频都记录了对失去意识的妇女或女童的侵犯。强奸犯们会撑开受害者的眼睑,触摸她们的眼球,以表明她们没有反应。

Pornhub profited this fall from a video of a naked woman being tortured by a gang of men in China. It is monetizing video compilations with titles like “Screaming Teen,” “Degraded Teen” and “Extreme Choking.” Look at a choking video and it may suggest also searching for “She Can’t Breathe.”

今年秋天,Pornhub从一段裸体女子在中国被一群男人折磨的视频中获利。它也从有着诸如“青少年尖叫”、“青少年堕落”、“极度窒息”标题的视频片段中获利。观看一段窒息视频,它就可能推荐你再去搜索“她无法呼吸”。

It should be possible to be sex positive and Pornhub negative.

“性积极”和“不上Pornhub”理应是可以兼得的。

Pornhub declined to make executives available on the record, but it provided a statement. “Pornhub is unequivocally committed to combating child sexual abuse material, and has instituted a comprehensive, industry-leading trust and safety policy to identify and eradicate illegal material from our community,” it said. Pornhub added that any assertion that the company allows child videos on the site “is irresponsible and flagrantly untrue.”

Pornhub拒绝让高管公开置评,但提供了一份声明。“Pornhub明确承诺打击儿童性虐待内容,并制定了全面的、行业领先的信任和安全政策,以识别和根除我们社区里的违法内容,”声明中说。Pornhub还表示,任何有关该公司允许儿童视频出现在其网站上的说法都是“不负责任且完全错误的”。

II.

二、

At 14, Serena K. Fleites was an A student in Bakersfield, Calif., who had never made out with a boy. But in the eighth grade she developed a crush on a boy a year older, and he asked her to take a naked video of herself. She sent it to him, and this changed her life.

14岁那年,塞琳娜·K·弗莱特斯(Serena K. Fleites)还是加州贝克斯菲尔德市的优等生,从来都没与男生亲热过。但在八年级时,她迷上了一个大她一岁的男生,他让她拍了一段裸露视频。她把视频发给了他,这改变了她的一生。

He asked for another, then another; she was nervous but flattered. “That’s when I started getting strange looks in school,” she remembered. He had shared the videos with other boys, and someone posted them on Pornhub.

他不断索要新的视频;她有些紧张,但又受宠若惊。“就在那时,我在学校里开始遇到奇怪的目光,”她回忆道。他把视频分享给了其他男生,然后有人把它们传到了Pornhub。

Fleites’s world imploded. It’s tough enough to be 14 without having your classmates entertain themselves by looking at you naked, and then mocking you as a slut. “People were texting me, if I didn’t send them a video, they were going to send them to my mom,” she said.

弗莱特斯的世界就此崩溃。就算没有同学把看你裸露当作娱乐,然后嘲笑你是个荡妇,做个14岁的青少年都已经够难的了。“有人给我发短信说,如果我不给他们发视频,他们就会把视频都发给我妈妈,”她说。

The boy was suspended, but Fleites began skipping class because she couldn’t bear the shame. Her mother persuaded Pornhub to remove the videos, and Fleites switched schools. But rumors reached the new school, and soon the videos were uploaded again to Pornhub and other websites.

那个男生被停学了,但弗莱特斯因为无法忍受羞辱而开始逃课。她的母亲说服Pornhub删除了视频,然后弗莱特斯转学了。但谣言传到了新学校,那些视频很快又被上传到Pornhub和其他网站。

Fleites quarreled with her mother and began cutting herself. Then one day she went to the medicine cabinet and took every antidepressant pill she could find.

弗莱特斯与母亲吵架,并开始割伤自己。有一天,她来到药柜前,服下了所有能找到的抗抑郁药。

Three days later, she woke up in the hospital, frustrated to be still alive. Next she hanged herself in the bathroom; her little sister found her, and medics revived her.

三天后,她在医院里醒来,不满于自己仍然活着。接着,她在浴室里上吊自杀。年纪尚小的妹妹发现了她,医生又把她救活。

As Fleites spiraled downward, a friend introduced her to meth and opioids, and she became addicted to both. She dropped out of school and became homeless.

弗莱特斯迅速堕落下去,一位朋友带她见识了冰毒和阿片类药物,而她对这两者都上了瘾。她辍了学,并最终在外流浪。

At 16, she advertised on Craigslist and began selling naked photos and videos of herself. It was a way to make a bit of money, and maybe also a way to punish herself. She thought, “I’m not worth anything any more because everybody has already seen my body,” she told me.

16岁那年,她在Craigslist上发布广告,开始兜售自己的裸照和视频。这是赚点小钱的手段,或许也是惩罚自己的方式。她想,“大家都已经看过了我的身体,所以我已经一文不值了,”她这样告诉我。

Those videos also ended up on Pornhub. Fleites would ask that they be removed. They usually would be, she says — but then would be uploaded again. One naked video of her at 14 had 400,000 views, she says, leaving her afraid to apply for fast-food jobs for fear that someone would recognize her.

那些视频同样被放到了Pornhub上。她要求Pornhub将它们删除。她说,这些视频一般会被删除——但随后又被上传。她14岁时拍的一个裸露视频观看量达到40万,她说,这让她甚至不敢申请快餐店的工作,因为怕被认出来。

So today Fleites, 19, off drugs for a year but unemployed and traumatized, is living in her car in Bakersfield, along with three dogs that have proved more loyal and loving than the human species. She dreams of becoming a vet technician but isn’t sure how to get there. “It’s kind of hard to go to school when you’re living in a car with dogs,” she said.

因此,现年19岁、刚戒毒一年的弗莱特斯没有工作,饱受创伤,值呢鞥在贝克斯菲尔德跟三条比人类更忠诚、有爱心的狗一起,住在她的车里。她梦想成为一名兽医技师,但不知道如何实现这个目标。“当你和狗住在一辆车里的时候,上学读书就有点困难,”她说。

“I was dumb,” she acknowledged, noting that she had never imagined that the videos could be shared online. “It was one small thing that a teenager does, and it’s crazy how it turns into something so much bigger.

“我太傻了,”她承认自己从未想过视频会被分享到网上。“对于一个十几岁的孩子来说,这只是一件小事,但它变成那么大的事情,真是太疯狂了。”

“A whole life can be changed because of one little mistake.”

“一个小小的错误就可能改变整个人生。”

III.

三、

The problem goes far beyond one company. Indeed, a rival of Pornhub, XVideos, which arguably has even fewer scruples, may attract more visitors. Depictions of child abuse also appear on mainstream sites like Twitter, Reddit and Facebook. And Google supports the business models of companies that thrive on child molestation.

远不止一家公司面临这个问题。Pornhub的竞争对手XVideos可以说更肆无忌惮,当然可能也会吸引更多访问量。对虐待儿童的描绘也出现在了Twitter、Reddit和Facebook等主流网站上。谷歌则支持了那些靠猥亵儿童大发其财的公司的商业模式。

Google returns 920 million videos on a search for “young porn.” Top hits include a video of a naked “very young teen” engaging in sex acts on XVideo along with a video on Pornhub whose title is unprintable here.

在谷歌搜索“young porn”(青少年色情)会得到9.2亿条视频结果。最热门的结果包括XVideo上一个“年纪非常小的青少年”赤裸参与性行为的视频,以及Pornhub上一个标题不宜刊印的视频。

I asked the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children to compile the number of images, videos and other content related to child sexual exploitation reported to it each year. In 2015, it received reports of 6.5 million videos or other files; in 2017, 20.6 million; and in 2019, 69.2 million.

我要求全美失踪和受虐儿童中心(National Center for Missing and Exploited Children)统计每年向其报告的与儿童性剥削有关的图片、视频和其他内容的数量。2015年,他们共收到650万份视频或其他文件的报告;2017年为2060万;2019年,6920万。

Facebook removed 12.4 million images related to child exploitation in a three-month period this year. Twitter closed 264,000 accounts in six months last year for engaging in sexual exploitation of children. By contrast, Pornhub notes that the Internet Watch Foundation, an England-based nonprofit that combats child sexual abuse imagery, reported only 118 instances of child sexual abuse imagery on its site over almost three years, seemingly a negligible figure. “Eliminating illegal content is an ongoing battle for every modern content platform, and we are committed to remaining at the forefront,” Pornhub said in its statement.

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